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Formerly ruled by Romania, Moldova became part of the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru (Dnister) River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe and plagued by a moribund economy, in 2001 Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a communist as its president.

Population: 4,431,570 (July 2001 est.)
Ethnic groups: Moldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%,
 Gagauz 3.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, other 1.7% (1989 est.)

note:  internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 98.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist
(only about 1,000 members) (1991)
Languages: Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language),
Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Currency: Moldovan lei (MDL)
Currency code: MDL
Exchange rates: 1 EURO to Moldovan Lei: 13.7827 (April 2004)



 Action 5.1 activity 9 “Support for quality and innovation of the Program Youth.”
Project no: 5.1/R1/2003/06 Made by Hienet working Teams in cooperation with T.E.S.