A sovereign and independent state,
the Principality of Monaco has borders on its landward side with several
communes of the French Department of the Alpes-Maritimes; from west to east
these are Cap d`Ail, la Turbie, Beausoleil and Roquebrune Cap Martin. Seawards,
Monaco faces the Mediterranean.
The population of the Principality
consists of 29,972 inhabitants, 5,070 of whom are Monιgasques, 12,047 French and
5,000 Italian (according to the last official census in 1990).
Its surface area is 195 hectares, of
which nearly 40 were recovered from the sea during the course of the last twenty
years. It lies in a narrow coastal strip which sometimes rises vertically
upwards with its highest point at 163 meters. Its width varies between 1050
meters and a mere 350 meters. Its coastline is 4100 meters long.
The Principality has only one
commune, Monaco, whose limits are the same as those of the state.
||Western Europe, bordering the
Mediterranean Sea on the
southern coast of France, near the border with
||43 44 N, 7 24 E
||31,842 (July 2001 est.)
||French 47%, Monegasque 16%,
||Roman Catholic 90%
||French (official), English,
1 EURO to US Dollar : 1,1962 (April 2004)