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Portugal is the westernmost country of continental Europe. It lies on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain--Portugal's neighbor to the east and north covers most of the peninsula.

Western and southern Portugal face the Atlantic Ocean. Lisbon is the country's capital and largest city.

A Short Background

Following its heyday as a world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony.

A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms.

The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal entered the EC in 1985.map of portugal

Location: Southwestern Europe, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean,
west of Spain
Geographic coordinates: 39 30 N, 8 00 W
Population: 10,066,253 (July 2001 est.)
Nationality: noun:  Portuguese (singular and plural)

adjective:  Portuguese
Ethnic groups: homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African
descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization
number less than 100,000
Religions: Roman Catholic 94%, Protestant (1995)
Languages: Portuguese
Currency: EURO (EUR)
Exchange rates: 1 EURO to US Dollar : 1,1962 (April 2004)

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 Action 5.1 activity 9 “Support for quality and innovation of the Program Youth.”
Project no: 5.1/R1/2003/06 Made by Hienet working Teams in cooperation with T.E.S.