Romania, also spelled Rumania, is a country in eastern Europe. Its name means
land of the Romans. The country is so called because it was part of the Roman
Empire during ancient times.
The Romanian people are the only eastern Europeans who trace their ancestry and
language back to the Romans. Bucharest is Romania's capital and largest city.
A Short Background
Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a communist
"peoples republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule
of President Nicolae CEAUSESCU became increasingly draconian through the 1980s.
He was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former communists dominated the
government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Much economic
restructuring remains to be carried out before Romania can achieve its hope of
joining the EU.
||Southeastern Europe, bordering
the Black Sea, between
Bulgaria and Ukraine
||46 00 N, 25 00 E
||22,364,022 (July 2001 est.)
||Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 7.1%,
German 0.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, other 0.8% (1992)
||Romanian Orthodox 70%, Roman
Catholic 3%, Uniate
Catholic 3%, Protestant 6%, unaffiliated 18%
||Romanian, Hungarian, German
||1 EURO to Romanian Leu: 39.979,900
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