Slovenia is a small, mountainous country in central Europe that declared its
independence in 1991.
In 1918, Slovenia became part of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes,
later renamed Yugoslavia. In 1946, Yugoslavia became a federal state consisting
of six republics, one of which was Slovenia.
A Short Background
In 1918 the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation,
renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of
the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's
Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs, the Slovenes
succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991.
Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy make
Slovenia a leading candidate for future membership in the EU and NATO.
||Southeastern Europe, eastern
the Adriatic Sea, between
Austria and Croatia
||46 00 N, 15 00 E
||1,930,132 (July 2001 est.)
||Slovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%,
Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
||Roman Catholic 68.8%,
Catholic 2%, Lutheran 1%,
Muslim 1%, atheist 4.3%, other 22.9%
||Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian
6%, other 3%
||1 EURO to Slovenian Tolar: 237,184
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