An epileptic seizure is caused by
a disruption in the normal activity of the brain. Some people with epilepsy carry an
identification card, or wear a warning bracelet. Very little first aid treatment is
required, the main aims being to keep the person safe during a seizure and to provide after-care.
In a major epilepsy seizure, the
person usually falls to the ground, loses consciousness, followed by jerking.
The seizure can last up to five minutes.
If the person is falling, try
to support or ease the fall and lay down gently.
Clear a space around him. If
possible, loosen clothing around the neck and place something soft under
When convulsions cease, place
him in the recovery position.
move or lift unless in danger.
DO NOT put anything in his mouth or try to open
try to wake him.
Seek medical aid.
In a minor attack, the person may
appear to be in a daydream, stare blankly or behave strangely.
Take care of him by protecting
him from dangers such as busy roads.
with him until you are certain he has recovered.