rapid breathing, (like the person's been running for a while)
Hyperventilation can be brought on by
a number of factors, they include:
Anxiety (the most common cause)
Severe stomach pains.
Heart or lung disease.
Extensive physical injuries.
The symptoms usually last 15 to 30
minutes, and can seem like hours to anyone having them.
Though very frightening for the
patient and indeed for the onlooker, hyperventilation is not usually
Breathing into a paper bag increases
the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood and relieves the symptoms.
Loosely cover your nose and mouth
with a small paper bag.
Breathe slowly into the bag and
rebreathe the air in the bag about 10 times.
Set the bag aside and breathe
normally for a couple of minutes.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 until the
symptoms lessen or go away.
Try to breathe slowly. Focus on
taking one breath every 5 seconds.
Avoid becoming caught up in the
panic (remain calm )
Make direct eye contact, and
speak clearly and slowly.
Identify yourself if you're not
known to the person.
Give short clear instructions.
Make calming gestures.
Allow the casualty some space (
don't crowd them in )
Minimize embarrassment and
avoid an audience.
Get them to sit down, if they
Sit with them at eye level
Encourage them to breathe
normally. ( talk them through the breathing cycle )
Inhale, take in
long slow deep breath. ( breathe with them )
Hold breath for
( pucker your lips like you're going to kiss )
Tell them to
relax in a clam voice, just before they reach the end of exhalation.
Start a new
breathing cycle while telling them how well they are doing.
encouraging them to breathe normally.
Try these breathing exercises on yourself first ! ( sitting or lying down )