Hungary is a small, landlocked country in central Europe. Great economic and
social changes have occurred in Hungary since the late 1940's.
Before that time, most of the country's income came from agriculture, and the
majority of Hungarians lived in rural areas and worked on farms. But Hungary's
economy has become increasingly industrialized.
Today, manufacturing and other industries contribute more to the national income
than does farming. More Hungarians now work in industry than on farms. Almost a
fifth of Hungary's people live in Budapest, the country's capital and largest
A Short Background
Hungary was part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed
during World War I. The country fell under communist rule following World War II.
In 1956, a revolt and announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a
massive military intervention by Moscow.
In the more open GORBACHEV years, Hungary led the movement to dissolve the
Warsaw Pact and steadily shifted toward multiparty democracy and a market-oriented
Following the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Hungary developed close political
and economic ties to Western Europe. It joined NATO in 1999 and is a frontrunner
in a future expansion of the EU.
||10,106,017 (July 2001 est.)
||Roman Catholic 67.5%, Calvinist
20%, Lutheran 5%, atheist and other 7.5%
||Hungarian 98.2%, other 1.8%
||Central Europe, northwest of
||47 00 N, 20 00 E
||1 EURO to Hungarian Forint: 251,484