The most common causes of
unconsciousness are stroke, epilepsy, drug overdose, head injury, cardiac arrest,
poisoning, diabetes and alcohol. There are various levels of unconsciousness. If
the person responds to sound and touch, then the state is only light as in a
faint. If the level of response is low, then the person is more deeply
If there is no response at all, then
there is a potentially dangerous state.
Send for an Ambulance.
Dial your local
emergency services telephone number.
If breathing and heartbeat have
stopped, begin the A-B-C of
If the casualty is breathing
normally, place in the recovery position,
But if there is any possibility of
spinal injury DO NOT MOVE unless breathing
difficulty makes it vital.
Examine the casualty for causes of
unconsciousness. There may be signs of injury such as bleeding or swellings.
Treat any serious wounds or fractures.
Look carefully for other clues e.g.
glucose tablets could indicate that the casualty suffers from diabetes.
Many people with
or diabetes wear an identity bracelet to
Cover with blanket, keep warm and
If removal to hospital is delayed,
check the levels of responsiveness, pulse and breathing every ten minutes, and
be ready to give the A-B-C of
resuscitation as required,.